E2151. Quantification and Measurement Reproducibility of Epicardial Fat Using Non-Contrast Cardiac CT in an HIV Population
Epicardial fat quantification may have a prognostic benefit over traditional cardiovascular risk stratification in the HIV
population (1). Methods to measure epicardial fat have varied. We assessed the reproducibility of different epicardial fat
measurement methods using non-contrast cardiac computed tomography (CT) in HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected patients and their association with other adiposity measurements.
Materials and Methods:
In this cross-sectional study, 167 HIV-infected and 58 non-HIV-infected consecutive participants (200 males; mean age 56 years) with low/intermediate cardiovascular risk were recruited between 2012 and 2017 from a large prospective cohort and underwent non-contrast CT. Two independent observers measured epicardial fat volume, area and thickness in all participants. For intra-observer agreement, one observer did a second assessment in a subset of 40 patients. Agreement was assessed with the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Pearson's correlation was estimated to assess the association between epicardial fat, body-mass index (BMI) and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) derived percentage of body fat.
Inter-observer agreement was excellent for epicardial fat volume (ICC 0.75) and area (ICC 0.95) and good for epicardial fat thickness (ICC near the left anterior descending artery (LAD) 0.64, ICC near right coronary artery (RCA) 0.64). Intra-observer agreement was excellent for epicardial fat volume (ICC 0.97), area (ICC 0.99), thickness at LAD (ICC 0.71) and good for epicardial fat thickness at RCA (ICC 0.68). Epicardial fat volume had a better correlation to total body fat (r = 0.28, p <0.001) and trunk fat (r = 0.37, p <0.001), in comparison to other epicardial fat indices.
Assessment of epicardial fat volume is highly reproducible in both HIV-infected and non-HIV-infected patients and shows a superior correlation with DEXA-based body and trunk fat measurements. Epicardial fat volume should be considered over other CT assessment methods when quantifying epicardial fat in HIV patients.