E1287. Business and Publication Models of Radiology Journals
  1. Arvind Vijayasarathi; University of California Los Angeles
  2. Jeffrey Ding; University of British Columbia
  3. Richard Duszak ; Emory University School of Medicine
  4. Faisal Khosa; University of British Columbia
Traditional and open-access publication models have both been increasingly scrutinized, particularly in light of the recent impasse between Elsevier and the University of California. Peer-reviewed publications are the main source through which rigorous scientific knowledge is disseminated, yet the publication models of medical journals are an enigma to the medical community. Our aim was to study business and publication models of peer-reviewed journals within Radiology.

Materials and Methods:
During April 2020, Scopus was queried to extract all entries in the “Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging” subcategory of “Medicine.” Journal name, publisher, SCImago Journal Ranking (SJR) score, country of origin and publication model were cataloged. Publishers were grouped by their ownership: commercial, university, professional society. Journals were grouped by publication model: subscription-based vs. open-access. Overall trends were assessed across publisher type, publication model, and geographic location.

Commercial publishers are used by 82% (239 of 293) of radiology journals. Elsevier and Springer Nature together published 40% (118/293) of journal titles within the category. Approximately one fourth (77/293) of radiology journals were open-access. On average, SJRs were highest for journals published commercially. Mean SJR across the top 10 publishers and publication model were similar (p=0.06 and p=0.48, respectively).

Radiology journal publication is heavily consolidated among a few global commercial organizations. Most radiology journals were subscription-based, but their impact did not differ significantly from open-access counterparts. Further disputes between large universities and commercial publishers could influence future manuscript submission, review, and citation, which has the potential to destabilize traditional publication models.