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E1206. Multimodality Imaging Approach to Swollen Extremities in Infants
Authors
  1. Harkanwar Gill; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
  2. Eric Pham ; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
  3. Sandeep Prabhu ; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
  4. Charles Lawrence ; University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
Background
Soft tissue proliferations can range from reactive to hamartomatous to neoplastic, with a full spectrum of benign, intermediate, and malignant neoplasms. Multimodality imaging is often required to aid diagnosis and proper classification of soft tissue masses.Vascular anomalies may require treatment depending on the certain imaging and clinical findings. Fibroblastic and myofibroblastic tumors are a subset of mesenchymal neoplasms accounting for about 12% of pediatric soft-tissue tumors (1,2). We will review the anatomy , pathology and imaging findings of certain diseases that involve the extremities.

Educational Goals / Teaching Points
Discuss anatomic compartments of extremities. Understand various classifications of vascular anomalies and tumors in children (AJCC, WHO). Identify certain imaging features of pediatric soft tissue masses involving the extremities. Discuss treatment options and prognosis.

Key Anatomic/Physiologic Issues and Imaging Findings/Techniques
Case-based review with imaging and histopathology. Utilize plain radiograph, ultrasound, and MRI findings to aid the diagnosis of benign or malignant etiology.

Conclusion
Vascular malformations and tumors comprise a wide, heterogeneous spectrum of lesions that can cause significant morbidity and even mortality in both adults and children.Some of these lesions may require aggressive treatment, and imaging plays an important role in their diagnosis.This educational exhibit's emphasis is on certain diseases that involve the extremities in infants.