E1018. Spectrum of Neurological Abnormalities on Fetal MRI
  1. Som Subhro Biswas; Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital, UTHSC
  2. Harris Cohen ; Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital, UTHSC
The purpose of the educational exhibit titled "Spectrum of Neurological Abnormalities on Fetal MRI" is to visually present and educate healthcare professionals, researchers, and students about the diverse range of neurological abnormalities that can be detected through fetal MRI imaging. This poster aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the various structural and functional anomalies that can affect the developing fetal brain, including malformations, genetic disorders, and other neurological conditions. By presenting clear and concise information, accompanied by high-quality images.

Educational Goals / Teaching Points
The exhibit aims to include an overview of fetal MRI; the types of neurological abnormalities and imaging features; clinical correlation, case examples, research and advancements.

Key Anatomic/Physiologic Issues and Imaging Findings/Techniques
The key imaging findings depicted in this exhibit may vary depending on the specific abnormalities being presented. Brain malformations: Abnormal cortical development (e.g., lissencephaly, polymicrogyria). Ventriculomegaly (enlargement of the brain's fluid-filled spaces). Dandy-Walker malformation (enlarged fourth ventricle and cystic formation in the posterior fossa). Agenesis of the corpus callosum (absence or partial absence of the large nerve fiber bundle connecting the brain hemispheres). Genetic disorders: Structural brain abnormalities specific to the genetic condition (e.g., holoprosencephaly in trisomy). Abnormalities in brainstem or cerebellar development. Corpus callosum abnormalities (e.g., thinning, hypoplasia). Specific patterns of brain atrophy or dysplasia. Vascular Abnormalities: Abnormalities in the fetal cerebral vasculature. Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) or arteriovenous shunting. Venous anomalies (e.g., vein of Galen malformation). Stroke or infarction in the fetal brain. Acquired conditions: Intracranial hemorrhage (e.g., subdural, subarachnoid, intraventricular). Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (abnormalities due to oxygen deprivation). Infections (e.g., Zika virus, cytomegalovirus) affecting the fetal brain.

In conclusion, this exhibit serves as a valuable resource for healthcare professionals, researchers, and students seeking to enhance their understanding of the diverse range of neurological abnormalities that can be observed through fetal MRI imaging. The exhibit effectively achieves its educational goals by raising awareness, facilitating recognition, and promoting a comprehensive understanding of these abnormalities. By presenting key imaging findings and organizing them based on etiology, anatomical features, or functional impairments, the exhibit provides a systematic approach to identifying and classifying various neurological abnormalities. It highlights the importance of recognizing specific imaging features and their clinical correlations to enable early and accurate diagnoses.