4589. A New Treatment Method for Vascular Malformations: Microwave Ablation
Authors * Denotes Presenting Author
  1. Man Lu *; No Affiliation
  2. Lu Wang; No Affiliation
The aim of the study was to investigate the safety, effectiveness, and peripheral nerve protection in ultrasound (US)-guided microwave ablation (US-guided-MWA) for vascular malformations (VMs) closely related to the peripheral nerve.

Materials and Methods:
From August 2019 to February 2022, 31 patients with 39 VMs received US-guided MWA. All lesions were confirmed to be closely related to the peripheral nerve by imaging evaluation. Hydrodissection was applied to protect surrounding normal tissue, including peripheral nerves. The patients were followed up at 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months after operation. Measurements of lesion volume, volume reduction ratio (VRR), sensory and functional abnormalities of adjacent nerves, number of treatments, complication details, personal satisfaction, recurrence, and symptom improvement were recorded.

Among the 39 VMs, the maximum volume was 128.58 mL, while the minimum volume was 0.99 mL. After a mean follow-up of 13.06 &#177; 4.83 months, the mean numerical rating scale (NRS) score decreased from 5.13 ± 1.65 to 0.53 ± 0.83 (<em>P</em> < 0.0001). The mean mass volume was reduced from 18.34 ± 24.68 mL to 1.35 ± 2.09 mL (<em>P</em> = 0.0001). The VRR of all lesions was 92.06%. However, the mean number of treatments was only 1.64 ± 0.87. All patients were satisfied with the technique, with a mean satisfaction score (SC) of 9.23 ± 1.13. There were no motor function abnormalities of the related nerves. Ten patients felt numbness in the ablation area after ablation, and gradually recovered after 1 month.

US-guided MWA serves as a novel alternative approach for patients with VMs. Preoperative evaluation of the relationship between VMs and peripheral nerves combined with intraoperative hydrodissection is an effective and safe method to prevent nerve injury.