ARRS 2022 Abstracts

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1392. Interventional Radiology Physician Burnout: Examining Contributing Factors
Authors * Denotes Presenting Author
  1. Lavi Nissim *; Phoenix Children's Hospital
  2. M'hamed Temkit; Phoenix Children's Hospital
Objective:
Studies have shown that radiology as a specialty has one of the highest burnout rates. However, the extent and causes of burnout among the sub-specialty of interventional radiology are not well-known. Determination of the extent of burnout and identification of predictors may help to develop new initiatives to reduce burnout among physicians practicing interventional radiology. The purpose of this study is to perform a cross-sectional survey of interventional radiologists in the United States to assess degree of burnout, and to identify potential factors most associated with self-reported burnout.

Materials and Methods:
An anonymous 10-question survey was created using SurveyMonkey and distributed to interventional radiologists around the United States via email address attained using comprehensive internet search of academic or private practices. Further, respondents were attained via posting the survey on private Facebook groups exclusive to IR physicians. Questions were multiple choice and inquiry into respondent's age, IR on-call frequency, practice model IR:DR(diagnostic radiology), private versus academic versus corporate, big hospital vs small hospital, and whether the respondent feels “burnout”. An additional question with multiple selectable answer choices was included regarding factors contributing to burnout.

Results:
Beginning in February 2020, 100 surveys were completed over 60 days. Of respondents, years in practice were less than 10 (40%), 10-20 (32%), greater than 20 (28%), with work volume full-time (95 %), part-time (4 %) or less than part-time (1 %). Respondents worked in an academic practice (72%), private practice (24 %) or other/mixed (4 %). Majority (75%) respondents reported feeling burnout, with frequency of: “all” of the time (10 %), “most” of the time (16%), “some” of the time (49 %) or “none” (25 %). In addition, 12% of respondents reported feeling work-related depression and 17% reported a desire to quit their job. Self-reported factors which were most associated with burnout “all” or “most” of the time were: too busy/stressful IR call (odds ratio 1.9 ; P =0.08 ), too little time off from work (odds ratio 4.98; P = 0.0005), and poor morale (odds ratio 4.94 ; P = 0.0005 ).

Conclusion:
A majority of respondents in our sampling of interventional radiologists in the United States reported feeling burnout, with 26% reporting burnout "all" or "most" of the time. A substantial minority of the sampling reported feeling depression or desire to quit their job. Busy or stressful on-call duties, too little time off from work, and poor morale were factors most associated with high level of reported burnout. Practice settings may need to adjust to the growing demand of the IR profession to mitigate factors resulting in burnout amongst interventional radiologists.